Part 3 – Region of Peel


Peel Region remained a prime population growth area during the period 2011 – 2016(see figure 12). Based on population count from the most recent census, Peel’s population (not adjusted for undercount) stood at approximately 1.38 million persons in 2016. Compared with 2011, this represented an increase of 6.5 per cent or 84,921 persons.

While Peel remained a primary growth area in the GTA, there was a slowing in the pace of growth between 2011 and 2016 (6.5 per cent) when compared with the 11.8 per cent growth registered during the previous five year period. However, at 1.38 million persons, Peel’s population remained the second largest in the GTA, behind Toronto, where the total population stood at 2.73 million persons in 2016.

Peel Region remained a primary growth area in the GTA between 2011 and 2016

All three municipalities registered population growth between 2011 and 2016, all at slower rates than in the previous five year period(see figure 13). The City of Brampton led with a 13.3 per cent growth in its population from 523,906 persons in 2011 to 593,638 persons in 2016. In the Town of Caledon, total population grew from 59,460 persons to 66,502 persons respectively over the same period, representing a growth of 11.8 per cent. Total population in the City of Mississauga, grew by 1.1 per cent during the same period to reach 721,599 persons in 2016 and remained Peel’s largest municipality. As a percentage of Peel’s population, the City of Mississauga accounted for the largest share at 52.2 per cent. However, with relatively stronger growth, both the City of Brampton and the Town of Caledon registered an increase in the share of Peel’s population as follows:

  • City of Brampton: Up from 40.4 per cent in 2011 to 43.0 per cent in 2016; and
  • Town of Caledon: up from 4.6 per cent to 4.8 per cent between 2011 and 2016.

In 2016, Peel accounted for 21.5 per cent of the total population of the GTA, a slight increase in its share from 21.4 per cent in 2011. At 42.6 per cent, the City of Toronto accounted for the largest share of GTA’s population(see figure 14).

When Peel’s population is adjusted for estimated[7] undercount, Peel’s total population in 2016 stood at 1.44 million persons (see figure 15), a 6.5 per cent increase over the estimated 1.35 persons in Peel in 2011. There was an increase in the number of persons in Peel’s three municipalities between 2011 and 2016. Growth was led by the City of Brampton where approximately 73,000 more persons were added to the population, up 13.4 per cent. Over the same period, an additional 8,000 persons made the City of Mississauga home, up 1.1 per cent, while 7,000 additional persons moves to the Town of Caledon, up 11.3 per cent.

Dwelling Counts

Alongside the increase in Peel’s population, the number of occupied private dwelling in Peel also increased between 2011 – 2016 with the addition of 430,180 new dwelling units, an increase of 6.8 per cent. There were increases in all three municipalities in Peel as follows:

  • City of Mississauga: There was a 2.7 per cent increase in occupied private dwellings from 234,582 dwelling units in 2011 to 240,913 dwelling units in 2016.
  • City of Brampton: Over the same period, the number of occupied private dwellings increased by 12.5 per cent from 149,270 dwelling units to 168,011 dwelling units respectively; and
  • Town of Caledon: In 2016, there were 21,256 occupied private dwelling units, up 11.4 per cent relative to the 19,086 occupied private dwelling units recorded in 2011.

Over the same five year period, the average number of persons in each occupied private dwelling unit in Peel declined from 3.22 persons in 2011 to 3.21 persons in 2016, but remained the highest among GTA municipalities.

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